SCCL Disclaimer for Continuing Education Courses & Related Content

The Saskatoon Colostrum Company Ltd.’s (“SCCL”) Continuing Education Courses (the “Courses”), and all related informational material and content including, without limitation, SCCL’s e-newsletter and display pages (“Related Content”) which appear on or any of its subdomains or are otherwise provided to users, are provided on an “AS IS” basis and are intended for general consumer understanding and education only. Any access to the Courses or Related Content is voluntary and at the sole risk of the user. SCCL makes no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitability or availability with respect to the Courses or Related Content. If the user is dissatisfied with the Courses or Related Content, the user’s sole and exclusive remedy is to discontinue using the Courses and site. Nothing contained in the Courses or Related Content should be considered, or used as a substitute for, veterinary medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The information provided on the website is for educational and informational purposes only and is not meant as a substitute for professional advice from a veterinarian or other professional. Courses and Related Content are designed to educate consumers on general colostrum benefits that may affect their animal’s daily lives. This site and its Courses do not constitute the practice of any veterinary medical or other professional veterinary health care advice, diagnosis or treatment. SCCL disclaims liability for any damages or losses, direct or indirect, that may result from use of or reliance on information contained within the Courses or Related Content. Although access to the Courses and Related Content is open to worldwide users, SCCL is organized under the laws of Canada. Therefore, the terms of this disclaimer shall be governed by the laws of Saskatchewan, Canada as to the interpretation, validity and effect of this disclaimer notwithstanding and without giving effect to any conflict of laws provisions of your domicile, residence or physical location. You agree to submit to the jurisdiction of Saskatchewan. SCCL advises consumers to always seek the advice of a veterinarian, veterinary specialist or other qualified veterinary health care provider with any questions regarding an animal’s health or medical conditions. Never disregard, avoid or delay in obtaining medical advice from your veterinarian or other qualified veterinary health care provider because of something you have read on this site.

Collaborative Studies

Collaborative published studies proving the efficacy and safety of products manufactured by SCCL and the applications for feeding colostrum in calves.

Receive our Publications!

Our bimonthly publications will inform you about colostrum management practices, newborn care, industry trends, and more.

Effects of enriching IgG concentration in low- and medium-quality colostrum with colostrum replacer on IgG absorption in newborn Holstein calves

A.J. Lopez, J.Echeverry-Munera, H.McCarthy, A.C. Welboren, A.Pineda, M.Nagorske, D.L.Renaud, M.A.Steele

J Dairy Sci. 2023 May; 106(8):3680-3691

Feeding colostrum or a 1:1 colostrum:milk mixture for 3 days postnatal increases small intestinal development and minimally influences plasma glucagon-like peptide-2 and serum insulin-like growth factor-1 concentrations in Holstein bull calves Describes how gut development is influenced by PD1; Persistency of IgG in serum also described;

Pyo J, Hare K, Pletts S, Inabu Y, Haines D, Sugino T, Guan LL, Steele M.

J Dairy Sci. 2020 May;103(5):4236-4251. doi: 10.3168/jds.2019-17219. Epub 2020 Mar 12. PMID: 32171512.

Timing of colostrum and impacts on gut microflora

Ma T, O’Hara E, Song Y, Fischer AJ, He Z, Steele MA, Guan LL.

J Dairy Sci. 2019 Aug;102(8):7073-7086. doi: 10.3168/jds.2018-16130. Epub 2019 Jun 13. PMID: 31202657.

Effect of extended colostrum feeding on plasma glucagon-like peptide-1 concentration in newborn calves

Inabu Y, Pyo J, Pletts S, Guan LL, Steele MA, Sugino T.

J Dairy Sci. 2019 May;102(5):4619-4627. doi: 10.3168/jds.2018-15616. Epub 2019 Mar 1. PMID: 30827561.

Short communication: The effect of delayed colostrum feeding on plasma concentrations of glucagon-like peptide 1 and 2 in newborn calves

Inabu Y, Fischer A, Song Y, Guan LL, Oba M, Steele MA, Sugino T.

J Dairy Sci. 2018 Jul;101(7):6627-6631. doi: 10.3168/jds.2018-14412. Epub 2018 Apr 19. PMID: 29680641.

Genome wide transcriptome analysis provides bases on colonic mucosal immune system development affected by colostrum feeding strategies in neonatal calves; Talks about effect of day one feeding on Microflora

He Z, Fischer A, Song Y, Steele M, Guan LL.

BMC Genomics. 2018 Aug 28;19(1):635. doi: 10.1186/s12864-018-5017-y. PMID: 30153793; PMCID: PMC6114731.

Oligosaccharide concentrations in colostrum, transition milk, and mature milk of primi- and multiparous Holstein cows during the first week of lactation

Fischer-Tlustos AJ, Hertogs K, van Niekerk JK, Nagorske M, Haines DM, Steele MA.

J Dairy Sci. 2020 Apr;103(4):3683-3695. doi: 10.3168/jds.2019-17357. Epub 2020 Feb 7. PMID: 32037163.

Invited Review: Nutritional regulation of gut function in dairy calves: From colostrum to weaning

A.J. Fischer, C. Villot, J.K. van Niekerk, T.T. Yohe, D.L. Renaud, M.A. Steele.

(Appl. Anim. Sci. 35:498–510), Applied Animal Science, Volume 36, Issue 1, February 2020, Pages 133

Short communication: Odd-chain and branched-chain fatty acid concentrations in bovine colostrum and transition milk and their stability under heating and freezing treatments

Xin H, Xu Y, Chen Y, Chen G, Steele MA, Guan LL.

J Dairy Sci. 2020 Dec;103(12):11483-11489. doi: 10.3168/jds.2020-18994. Epub 2020 Oct 9. PMID: 33041035.

Effect of delaying colostrum feeding on passive transfer and intestinal bacterial colonization in neonatal male Holstein calves

Fischer AJ, Song Y, He Z, Haines DM, Guan LL, Steele MA.

J Dairy Sci. 2018 Apr;101(4):3099-3109. doi: 10.3168/jds.2017-13397. Epub 2018 Feb 4. PMID: 29397179.

Short communication: The effect of heat treatment of bovine colostrum on the concentration of oligosaccharides in colostrum and in the intestine of neonatal male Holstein calves

Fischer AJ, Malmuthuge N, Guan LL, Steele MA.

J Dairy Sci. 2018 Jan;101(1):401-407. doi: 10.3168/jds.2017-13533. Epub 2017 Nov 6. PMID: 29102133.

Characterization of the colostrum and transition milk proteomes from primiparous and multiparous Holstein dairy cows

Fahey MJ, Fischer AJ, Steele MA, Greenwood SL.

J Dairy Sci. 2020 Feb;103(2):1993-2005. doi: 10.3168/jds.2019-17094. Epub 2019 Dec 16. PMID: 31837789.

Effect of colostrum feeding strategies on the expression of neuroendocrine genes and active gut mucosa-attached bacterial populations in neonatal calves

Hromádková J, Suzuki Y, Pletts S, Pyo J, Ma T, Chen Y, Steele MA, Guan LL.

J Dairy Sci. 2020 Sep;103(9):8629-8642. doi: 10.3168/jds.2019-17710. Epub 2020 Jul 1. PMID: 32622610.

The effect of tube versus bottle feeding colostrum on immunoglobulin G absorption, abomasal emptying, and plasma hormone concentrations in newborn calves; describes passive transfer of feeding 200 g IgG

Desjardins-Morrissette M, van Niekerk JK, Haines D, Sugino T, Oba M, Steele MA.

J Dairy Sci. 2018 May;101(5):4168-4179. doi: 10.3168/jds.2017-13904. Epub 2018 Feb 14. PMID: 29454696.

A Narrative Review on the Unexplored Potential of Colostrum as a Preventative Treatment and Therapy for Diarrhea in Neonatal Dairy Calves

Carter HSM, Renaud DL, Steele MA, Fischer-Tlustos AJ, Costa JHC.

Animals (Basel). 2021 Jul 28;11(8):2221. doi: 10.3390/ani11082221. PMID: 34438679; PMCID: PMC8388388.

Effects of a low- or high-frequency colostrum feeding protocol on immunoglobulin G absorption in newborn calves; shows that 2 feedings within 12 hours works as good as three feedings within 12 hours

Lopez AJ, Yohe TT, Echeverry-Munera J, Nagorske M, Renaud DL, Steele MA.

J Dairy Sci. 2022 Jul;105(7):6318-6326. doi: 10.3168/jds.2021-21284. Epub 2022 May 20. PMID: 35599023.

Hot topic: Accuracy of refractometry as an indirect method to measure failed transfer of passive immunity in dairy calves fed colostrum replacer and maternal colostrum; shows limitations of refractometers

Lopez AJ, Steele MA, Nagorske M, Sargent R, Renaud DL.

J Dairy Sci. 2021 Feb;104(2):2032-2039. doi: 10.3168/jds.2020-18947. Epub 2020 Dec 25. PMID: 33358782.

Transcriptome analysis revealed that delaying first colostrum feeding postponed ileum immune system development of neonatal calves

Song Y, Sun H, He Z, Fischer-Tlustos A, Ma T, Steele M, Guan LL.

Genomics. 2021 Nov;113(6):4116-4125. doi: 10.1016/j.ygeno.2021.10.011. Epub 2021 Oct 29. PMID: 34743958.

Evaluation of the effects of colostrum replacer supplementation of the milk replacer ration on the occurrence of disease, antibiotic therapy, and performance of pre-weaned dairy calves

Chamorro MF, Cernicchiaro N, Haines DM.

J Dairy Sci. 2017 Feb;100(2):1378-1387. doi: 10.3168/jds.2016-11652. Epub 2016 Dec 9. PMID: 27939546.

Passive transfer of colostral leukocytes: A benefit/risk analysis; Discusses weakness of notion calves must receive white blood cells from Dam for survival;

Ellis J.

Can Vet J. 2021 Mar;62(3):233-239. PMID: 33692577; PMCID: PMC7877691.

Colostrum and milk protein rankings and ratios of importance to neonatal calf health using a proteomics approach

Nissen A, Andersen PH, Bendixen E, Ingvartsen KL, Røntved CM.

J Dairy Sci. 2017 Apr;100(4):2711-2728. doi: 10.3168/jds.2016-11722. Epub 2017 Feb 8. PMID: 28189329.

Impact of volume, immunoglobulin G concentration, and feeding method of colostrum product on neonatal nursing behavior and transfer of passive immunity in beef calves; Shows efficacy of SCCL colostrum replacer in beef; shows hyperconcentrating colostrum replacer with IgG is not efficacious

Gamsjäger L, Haines DM, Pajor EA, Lévy M, Windeyer MC.

Animal. 2021 Sep;15(9):100345. doi: 10.1016/j.animal.2021.100345. Epub 2021 Aug 25. PMID: 34454347.

Passive immune status at postpartum hour 24 and long-term health and performance of calves; The effects of 24-hour passive immune status on calf growth were indirect through effects on morbidity outcomes

Wittum TE, Perino LJ.

Am J Vet Res. 1995 Sep;56(9):1149-54. PMID: 7486391.

Passive immune status at postpartum hour 24 and long-term health and performance of calves; lower dose than Chamorro study;

Berge AC, Besser TE, Moore DA, Sischo WM.

J Dairy Sci. 2009 Jan;92(1):286-95. doi: 10.3168/jds.2008-1433. PMID: 19109287; PMCID: PMC7125711.

Effect of colostral volume, interval between calving and first milking, and photoperiod on colostral IgG concentrations in dairy cows

Morin DE, Nelson SV, Reid ED, Nagy DW, Dahl GE, Constable PD.

J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2010 Aug 15;237(4):420-8. doi: 10.2460/javma.237.4.420. PMID: 20707753.

The effect of colostrum storage conditions on dairy heifer calf serum immunoglobulin G concentration and preweaning health and growth rate

Cummins C, Berry DP, Murphy JP, Lorenz I, Kennedy E.

J Dairy Sci. 2017 Jan;100(1):525-535. doi: 10.3168/jds.2016-10892. Epub 2016 Nov 9. PMID: 27837982.

Consensus recommendations on calf- and herd-level passive immunity in dairy calves in the United States: This is the National Animal health Monitoring study 2014

Lombard J, Urie N, Garry F, Godden S, Quigley J, Earleywine T, McGuirk S, Moore D, Branan M, Chamorro M, Smith G, Shivley C, Catherman D, Haines D, Heinrichs AJ, James R, Maas J, Sterner K.

J Dairy Sci. 2020 Aug;103(8):7611-7624. doi: 10.3168/jds.2019-17955. Epub 2020 May 21. PMID: 32448583.

Short communication: Effects of transition milk and milk replacer supplemented with colostrum replacer on growth and health of dairy calves

Van Soest B, Cullens F, VandeHaar MJ, Nielsen MW.

J Dairy Sci. 2020 Dec;103(12):12104-12108. doi: 10.3168/jds.2020-18361. Epub 2020 Sep 25. PMID: 32981727.

The First Thing Every Calf Needs

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